Six Major Health Issues that Women Face During Pregnancy with Prevention Tips


During pregnancy, women are advised to take proper care of her diet, health, take proper rest and avoid work that needs enough stamina or heavy lifting, because chances are there that she may hurt herself or her baby. And in India, it’s a tradition that when women get pregnant she moves to her mother’s home for proper care and rest.


It’s not a hard and fast rule that every woman needs to go her mother’s home. Earlier there were joint families, either the pregnant women went to her mother’s home or if she is staying with her husband’s family then also there were enough people to take care of her. But today nuclear families are there, the woman lives their husband alone in the home, it’s not a bad thing but during pregnancy, it can be little hard for her.


But living alone during is not a big deal, the big problem is taking care of personal health during pregnancy. There are some major serious problems that women generally face during pregnancy and it gets hard for them to deal with it alone. Pregnancy problems and their complications can range from lenient discomfort to severe illness.


Let’s get a brief detail about the major health issues problems and their preventions and solutions that women generally face during pregnancy.


  1. 1. Anemia:

When a women get pregnant her body has to produce more blood in order to support the growth of the baby along with her own body. So, if the body is not getting iron or other nutrients enriched food in their diet then there will be not enough production of the blood.

Anemia can make you feel tired, restless, pale, insomnia, leg cramps, breathless and faint, and if the situation gets serious and if it is not treated at the right time then there are chances of preterm delivery.

Anemia generally occurs due to the deficiency of Iron, Folate & Vitamin B12.

Prevention and Treatment:

It can be prevented taking food rich in iron, vitamin c like meat, dairy products, nut, seeds, cereals enriched with iron or other nutrients, green leafy vegetables, and citrus fruits like orange, strawberry, kiwis, tomatoes, and juices. And if a woman is found anemic during pregnancy then under the doctor’s treatment she will be advised to take iron supplements and/or folic acid supplements.


2. Mental Health Issues:

Mental health issues include anxiety, depression, mood swings, helplessness, intense sadness, loss of appetite, feeling worthless, guilty, headaches, loss of interest from the hobbies.

Generally, women ignore these types of problem, they don’t share their feelings but this is not good for the health and development of the baby as well as their own body. These mental health issues occur due to the hormonal changes. When a woman gets pregnant, many changes takes place in her body and hormones are secreted which makes her feel like this.

Prevention and Treatment:

Living alone can create this health issues, but keeping yourself busy in some fun activity or meditating, taking therapy, interacting with friends and family help women avoid above mentioned mental health issues.

And if the condition is severe then better get treated by the doctor. doctors generally recommend medicine and therapy for this health issue.


3. High Blood Pressure:

HBP also known as hypertension, if the blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mm Hg continuously for more than 20 weeks then it can cause preeclampsia. Symptoms of Preeclampsia are abnormal swelling in hands and feet, persistent headache, or protein in the urine sample.

reason behind getting high BP is being overweight, smoking, drinking, carrying more than one child, heredity, first-time pregnancy.

Prevention or Treatment:

Have regular prenatal treatment from gynecologist specialist, eating a well-balanced diet, avoiding fatty or junk food, doing guided exercise daily.


4. Gestational Diabetes:

Gestational Diabetes if diagnosed during pregnancy can cause a problem during pregnancy. in this situation, our body cannot process sugar or starches which are leading to high sugar in the blood.

It generally occurs if the woman is overweight before her pregnancy or if diabetes is in heredity. and the risk from this health problem is caesarean birth, preeclampsia, premature delivery, baby born with jaundice, low blood sugar or breathing problem.

Prevention or Treatment:

It can be prevented by having a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding food containing the great amount of sugar. If Gestational Diabetes is diagnosed then visit doctor at a regular interval of time, check your blood sugar continuously, take medications along with all the preventions.


5. Fetal Problem:

You are not feeling that much kick or movement from your baby and the reason behind this are


  • Your baby is cramped inside your womb and doesn’t have enough space for the movement.


  • You are not feeling hungry and you skipped your meal, and due to this you and your baby may have low blood sugar making you both sleepy and weak.


  • Your Baby is taking a nap, like the newborn babies , unborn babies also sleep a lot. So, chances are there that your baby is sleeping.


  • Placenta Abruption: This is a serious problem which can cause reduced fetal movement and occurs when placenta gets tear away from the uterine tissue.


  • Baby is not getting enough oxygen.


  • Or in the most terrible situation the reduce in the movement of the fetal is that your baby is dying or already died.

Prevention and treatment:

Because of the above-mentioned reasons, it is generally recommended to call your doctor immediately as you notice the reduce in the movement of your baby. To avoid this situation control your blood pressure, and don’t take any type of drug or toxic material (smoke or alcohol). Visit your doctor regularly for weekly checkup, and work seriously on your diet and health plan.


6. Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Also called as morning sickness. Women feel nauseous and feel like vomiting, generally in the third month of the pregnancy. This happens due to the rapid change in the hormonal level of the pregnant ladies and it can cause weight loss, reduced appetite, fainting, and dehydration.

Prevention and Treatment:

As such nothing can be done to avoid this situation, but ladies should increase intake of fluid material in their diet like juice, milk, shakes and if then also if is not under control then take prescribed medication room the doctor.

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